A full eye exam includes comprehensive vision testing to determine your current prescription for glasses, and a thorough eye health check including diagnostic testing for glaucoma, cataracts, and macular degeneration. Although you might have a clear vision, only a complete and regular eye exam can guarantee the health of your eyes. The following information will help you understand better the relevance of every test you take during your visit at your optometrist.

Case History: medications, personal medical history, family history of ocular and systemic, any visual concerns (frequency, duration, and severity)

Visual Acuity: Your ability to see small details clearly at both near and far distances is measured.

Refraction: The presence and degree of myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), astigmatism (decreased vision due to corneal or lens irregularities) and presbyopia (diminished focussing ability due to age) are identified and the appropriate prescription determined.

Binocular Testing: Evaluation of how the eyes are aligned or coordinated when working together and individually is important. Good muscle co-ordination allows stereoscopic vision for good depth perception.

Tonometry: Measuring the inter-ocular fluid pressure in the eye; one of the important tests in the detection of glaucoma.

Visual Fields: Peripheral vision assessment will assist in the detection of glaucoma, neurological, and retinal diseases.  Specialized computerized visual field testing may be required.

Ocular Health Assessment: A thorough health assessment of the structures of the eye will be performed allowing the detection of conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration, and changes due to systemic conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, and high cholesterol.  A dilated fundus exam, for which drops are required, may be recommended for a more comprehensive retinal examination.

Retinal photography: Photography allows your optometrist to keep a permanent recorded image of your retina for later comparison.


We also provide pre and post operative examinations for laser corrective surgery.  Our office has provided this service for patients from Focus Eye Center.

On occasion the Ministry of Transportation requires forms to be completed by a Licensed Optometrist to renew and/or reinstate an Ontario driver's license. We provide visual acuity and automated visual fields for these purposes.  Visit our driver FAQ's page for more information.  These examinations are not covered by OHIP.

Contact Lens Examination

Continuous care of our contact lens patients is to ensure patients are wearing the best contact lens for their specific needs and ocular health.

It is the policy of our office that all contact lens wearers have an annual eye examination to ensure the continued use of contact lenses is not compromising the health of your eyes.